*Please note: The following guidelines can be influenced by sun, rain, soil texture, and Mother Nature in general. Over time, you will learn what works best for different areas and plants.
Watering Trees, Shrubs, and Perennials
When you first install a plant, it will have a greater water demand than an established plant. Plant size and type will cause water needs to vary. Tree, shrub, and perennial watering is best done by hand. Generally, you want to count one gallon of water per foot of plant height. This means that for every 15-30 seconds your hose is running, you get one gallon of water. As this is a general guide, ALWAYS use your best judgment to determine how wet or dry the root area is.
Watering guides when planting in spring through fall:
Weeks 1 and 2: water every 1-2 days until the root system is soaked
Weeks 3 and 4: water every 2-3 days until the root system is soaked
After the first month: every 3-4 days until the root system is soaked
Watering guides when planting in the late fall through winter:
Weeks 1 and 2: every 2-3 days until the root system is soaked
After 2 weeks: every 3-5 days until the root system is soaked
After the first month: every 7 days until the root system is soaked
*As spring approaches, use the watering guides above
*Ensure root balls are soaked ahead of freezing temperatures to help protect the plant
Unless there is breakage on the plant, do not prune anything for the first season. Buds removed in the first year can slow root growth.
Trees and shrubs that flower in early spring on last year’s growth (azaleas, rhododendrons, etc) should be pruned immediately after flowering.
Trees and shrubs that flower from early summer to fall on current year’s growth (crepe myrtles, some hydrangeas, etc) should be pruned during dormancy (Feb-March).
Pruning of conifers should be done before new wood has hardened
Tree pruning should be done during Jan and Feb or in mid-summer, depending on the individual plant variety
*Pruning is important for flowering plants (such as roses or butterfly bushes) to promote more growth and a longer bloom time.
All fertilizers will have 3 numbers on the bag to represent the percentage of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.
At Settlemyre Nursery, we carry a brand of fertilizers called Espoma.
Espoma products we offer:
Garden Gypsum- loosens clay soils
Garden Lime- turns hydrangeas pink
Soil Acidifier- turns hydrangeas blue
All Season Lawn Food
Plant-tone- bigger growth and blooms
Holly-tone- evergreen and azalea food
Bio-tone- starter fertilizer
Tomato & Vegetable Liquid Food
Indoor Plant Liquid Food
Bonsai Mix- improves aeration and root growth
When dealing with plants, pests are natural and sometimes unavoidable. BUT, there are steps you can take to deter or remove pests.
Since every situation is unique, we can provide a general list of options that you can try. Feel free to take pictures to send to firstname.lastname@example.org to get a more specific answer.
Baby soap mixed with soap
Malathion (found at most stores like ACE)
Dig the hole twice the width of the container but the same depth as the container. When in compacted soil, be sure to chip/rough up sides of the hole.
Lightly scratch top, bottom, and sides of rootball
*If using Bio-tone, now is the time
Plant with the rootball above ground 1-2” for drainage
Backfill hole 50/50 with Daddy Pete’s Planting Soil and native soil, making a sandy brown color
Create a bowl/berm with leftover native soil, mulch or pine straw to keep soil cool and to retain water.